In the nineteenth century, the Netherlands was established as a kingdom – which it still is today – and witnessed major scientific breakthroughs that led to large-scale modernization. The metre, kilogramme and photography were all introduced in this period. Painting took flight and became increasingly individualistic as the century progressed.

Children of the Sea Children of the Sea

1:22 min. - This charming scene contains a serious message

History of the Rijksmuseum

Our online collection contains many photographs of the Rijksmuseum throughout the years.

But where?